Profile / Characteristics
|English translation||Latin declination and pronunciations||Size/ °²||# stars|
|the Great Bear||Ursa Major – ER-suh MAY-jur|
Ursae Majoris – ER-suh muh-JOR-iss
missing (hole in the marble)
Ancient Lore & Meaning
English translation by Douglas Kidd (1997).
Aratus: Phaenomena, Cambridge Classical Texts and Commentaries, Series Number 34
Hesiod: daughter of Lycaon of Arcadia, Amphis: consort of Artemis, maiden changed into a she-bear, entered the temple which was not allowed and was therefore fated to die by the Arcadians but rescued by Zeus
French translation by:
Jordi Pàmias i Massana and Arnaud Zucker (2013). Ératosthènes de Cyrène – Catastérismes, Les Belles Lettres, Paris
English version in:
Robin Hard (2015): Eratosthenes and Hyginus Constellation Myths with Aratus’s Phaenomena, Oxford World’s Classics
Early Modern Interpretation
As one of their first tasks in the 1920s, the newly founded International Astronomical Union (IAU) established constellation standards. The Belgian astronomer Eugène Delporte was assigned to the task to define borders of constellations parallel to lines of declination and right ascension. They were accepted by the General Assembly in 1928. The standardized names and abbreviations had already been accepted in 1922 and 1925.