Planet Earth
International Astronomical Union WGSN

IAU: Sagittarius

Profile / Characteristics

English translationLatin declination and pronunciationsSize/ °²# stars
the ArcherSagittarius – SAJ-ih-TARE-ee-us
Sagittarii – SAJ-ih-TARE-ee-eye

Ancient Globes

Farnese Globe

Kugel Globe

Mainz Globe

satyr Crotos

CrA is a ring at its front hoof

centaur Chiron

Ancient Lore & Meaning


English translation by Douglas Kidd (1997).
Aratus: Phaenomena, Cambridge Classical Texts and Commentaries, Series Number 34

Online available: translation by Mair (1921) 


French translation by:
Jordi Pàmias i Massana and Arnaud Zucker (2013). Ératosthènes de Cyrène – Catastérismes, Les Belles Lettres, Paris

English version in:
Robin Hard (2015): Eratosthenes and Hyginus Constellation Myths with Aratus’s Phaenomena, Oxford World’s Classics

Early Modern Interpretation


As one of their first tasks in the 1920s, the newly founded International Astronomical Union (IAU) established constellation standards. The Belgian astronomer Eugène Delporte was assigned to the task to define borders of constellations parallel to lines of declination and right ascension. They were accepted by the General Assembly in 1928. The standardized names and abbreviations had already been accepted in 1922 and 1925.  

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