Profile / Characteristics
|English translation||Latin declination and pronunciations||Size/ °²||# stars|
|the Crab||Cancer – CAN-ser|
Cancri – CANG-cry
Ancient Lore & Meaning
English translation by Douglas Kidd (1997).
Aratus: Phaenomena, Cambridge Classical Texts and Commentaries, Series Number 34
he jumped out of a lake and pinchend Heracles during his fight with the snake but Heracles stepped on him and killed him. Some stars are called asses to comemorate the battle of the gods against the giants because the asses scared the giants.
French translation by:
Jordi Pàmias i Massana and Arnaud Zucker (2013). Ératosthènes de Cyrène – Catastérismes, Les Belles Lettres, Paris
English version in:
Robin Hard (2015): Eratosthenes and Hyginus Constellation Myths with Aratus’s Phaenomena, Oxford World’s Classics
Early Modern Interpretation
As one of their first tasks in the 1920s, the newly founded International Astronomical Union (IAU) established constellation standards. The Belgian astronomer Eugène Delporte was assigned to the task to define borders of constellations parallel to lines of declination and right ascension. They were accepted by the General Assembly in 1928. The standardized names and abbreviations had already been accepted in 1922 and 1925.